- Revised in September 2008
- No written consent form required for HIV testing
- No formal pre or post test counseling is required with a HIV test
- Verbal consent is sufficient for a HIV test
- HIV testing can be incorporated into general medical consent that is signed by each patient prior to initiating medical care
- It is recommended but NOT required that the provider document that written or oral consent information was given to the patient
Why should HIV testing laws promote increasing HIV screening?
- As of February 2010 over 14,000 Arizonans were known to be living with HIV1
- This number likely only accounts for 79% of the actual HIV positive population in Arizona2
- When people are aware that they are HIV positive they tend to practice safer sex3
- Early diagnosis and treatment can improve medical outcomes and decrease probability of future transmission4
- Frequently Asked Questions Regarding HIV Testing in Arizona (pdf)
- See specific Arizona legislation: 36-663.
- For patients thinking of testing, that have tested positive, or are looking for services HIVAZ.org is an excellent resource.
- Arizona Department of Health Services HIV/AIDS 2010 report
- CDC. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR. 2008; 57: 1073-1076.
- Marks G, Crepaz N, Janssen RS. Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the USA. AIDS 2006; 26;10:1447-50.
Donnell D, Baeten JM, Kiarie J, et al. Heterosexual HIV-1 transmission after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort analysis. Lancet. 2010.