Arizona HIV Testing Laws


  • Revised in September 2008
  • No written consent form required for HIV testing
  • No formal pre or post test counseling is required with a HIV test
  • Verbal consent is sufficient for a HIV test
  • HIV testing can be incorporated into general medical consent  that is signed by each patient prior to initiating medical care
  • It is recommended but NOT required that the provider document that written or oral consent information was given to the patient

Why should HIV testing laws promote increasing HIV screening?

  • As of February 2010 over 14,000 Arizonans were known to be living with HIV1
  • This number likely only accounts for 79% of the actual HIV positive population in Arizona2
  • When people are aware that they are HIV positive they tend to practice safer sex3
  • Early diagnosis and treatment can improve medical outcomes and decrease probability of future transmission4

Resources


References

  1. Arizona Department of Health Services HIV/AIDS 2010 report
  2. CDC. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR. 2008; 57: 1073-1076.
  3. Marks G, Crepaz N, Janssen RS. Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the USA. AIDS 2006; 26;10:1447-50.
  4. Donnell D, Baeten JM, Kiarie J, et al. Heterosexual HIV-1 transmission after initiation of antiretroviral therapy: a prospective cohort analysis. Lancet. 2010.

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